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(Sutherland lab students and postdocs are underlined)

Damian-Serrano A, Sutherland KR (2024) A developmental ontology for the colonial architecture of salps. Biological Bulletin. link     

Thompson AW, Nyerges G, Brevick K, Sutherland KR (2024) Ubiquitous filter feeders shape open ocean microbial community structure and function.PNAS Nexus.   PDF

Hiebert TC, Gemmell BJ, von Dassow G, Conley KR, Sutherland KR (2023) The hydrodynamics and kinematics of the appendicularian tail underpin peristaltic pumping. Journal of the Royal Society Interface.  link

Schmid MS, Sponaugle S, Sutherland KR, Cowen RK (2023) Drivers of plankton community structure in intermittent and continuous coastal upwelling systems–from microscale in-situ imaging to large scale patterns. Frontiers in Marine Science. Vol. 10, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2023.1166629 link

Damian-Serrano A, Hughes M, Sutherland KR (2023) A new molecular phylogeny of salps (Tunicata: Thalicea: Salpida) and the evolutionary history of their colonial architecture. Integrative Organismal Biology. 5(1), obad037, PDF  link


Swieca K, Sponaugle S, Schmid MS, Ivory J, Corrales-Ugalde M, Sutherland KR, Cowen RK (2023) Growth and diet of a larval myctophid across distinct upwelling regimes in the California Current. ICES Journal of Marine Science. DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsad070 PDF link

Potter B, Corrales-Ugalde M, Townsend JP, Colin SP, Sutherland KR, Costello JH, Colins R, Gemmell BJ (2023) Quantifying Trophic Impact of a Widespread Oceanic Ctenophore. Scientific Reports 13, 2292. link

Thompson AW, Sweeney-Ton CP, Sutherland KR (2023) Selective and differential feeding on marine prokaryotes by mucus mesh feeders. Environmental Microbiology. doi: 10.1111/1462-2920.16334 PDF  link

Du Clos KT, Gemmell BJ, Colin SP, Costello JH, Dabiri JO, Sutherland KR (2022) “Distributed propulsion enables fast and efficient swimming modes in physonect siphonophores,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 119 (49): e2202494119 PDF  link

Cordeiro M, Costello JH, Gemmell BJ, Sutherland KR, Colin SP (2022) Oceanic lobate ctenophores possess feeding mechanics similar to the impactful coastal species Mnemiopis leidyi. Limnology and Oceanography. PDF

Lyle JT, Cowen RC, Sponaugle S, Sutherland KR (2022) Fine-scale vertical distribution and diel migrations of Pyrosoma atlanticum in the Northern California Current. Journal of Plankton Research PDF

Sutherland KR, Thompson AW (2022) Pelagic tunicate grazing on marine microbes revealed by integrative approaches. Limnology and Oceanography  PDF

Corrales- Ugalde M, Sponaugle S, Cowen R, Sutherland KR (2021) Seasonal hydromedusan feeding patterns in an Eastern Boundary Current show consistent predation on primary consumers. Journal of Plankton Research. 43(5), 712-724 link

Gemmell BJ, Dabiri JO, Colin SP, Costello JH, Townsend JP, Sutherland KR (2021) Cool Your Jets: Biological Jet Propulsion in Marine Invertebrates. Journal of Experimental Biology. 224 (12): jeb222083 link

Thompson AW, Ward AC, Sweeney CP, Sutherland KR (2021) Host-specific symbioses and the microbial prey of a pelagic tunicate (Pyrosoma atlanticum). ISME Communications link

Ben Tal A, Shenkar N, Paz A, Conley K, Sutherland K, Yahel G (2021) High mucous-mesh production by the ascidian Herdmania momus. Marine Ecology Progress Series link


Gemmell BJ, DuClos KT, Colin SP, Sutherland KR, Costello JH (2021) The most efficient metazoan swimmer creates a ‘virtual wall’ to enhance performance.  Royal Society Proc B. link

Costello JH, Colin SP, Dabiri JO, Gemmell BJ, Lucas KN, Sutherland KR (2021) The hydrodynamics of jellyfish swimming. Annual Review of Marine Science 13. link

Corrales-Ugalde M, Sutherland KR (2020) Fluid mechanics of feeding determine the trophic niche of the hydromedusa Clytia gregaria. Limnology and Oceanography. doi: 10.1002/lno.11653  link

Colin SP, Costello JH, Sutherland KR, Gemmell BJ, Dabiri JO, Du Clos KT (2020) The role of suction thrust in the metachronal paddles of swimming invertebrates. Scientific Reports. link

Schram JB, Sorensen HL, Brodeur RD, Galloway AWE, Sutherland KR (2020) Abundance, distribution, and feeding ecology of Pyrosoma atlanticum in the Northern California Current. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 651:97-110. link

Heimbichner Goebel WL, Colin SP, Costello JH, Gemmell BJ, Sutherland KR (2020) Scaling of ctenes and consequences for swimming performance in the ctenophore Pleurobrachia bachei. Invertebrate Biology. DOI:10.1111/ivb.12297 link

Townsend JP, Gemmell BJ, Sutherland KR, Colin SP, Costello JH (2020) Ink release and swimming behavior in the oceanic ctenophore Eurhamphaea vexilligera. The Biological Bulletin.

Sutherland KR, Gemmell BJ, Colin SP, Costello JH (2019) Maneuvering performance in the colonial siphonophore, Nanomia bijuga. Biomimetics. doi:10.3390/biomimetics4030062 PDF

Dadon‐Pilosof A, Lombard F, Genin A, Sutherland KR, Yahel G (2019) Prey taxonomy rather than size determines salp diets. Limnology and Oceanography.

Sutherland KR, Gemmell BJ, Colin SP, Costello JH (2019) Propulsive design principles in a multi-jet siphonophore. Journal of Experimental Biology 2019 222: jeb198242 doi: 10.1242/jeb.198242 PDF + SI

Gemmell BJ, Colin SP, Costello JH, Sutherland KR (2019) A ctenophore (comb jelly) employs vortex rebound dynamics and outperforms other gelatinous swimmers. Royal Society open science 6: 181615. PDF

Zeman SM, Corrales-Ugalde M, Brodeur RD, Sutherland KR (2018) Trophic ecology of the neustonic cnidarian Velella velella in the northern California Current during an extensive bloom year: insights from gut contents and stable isotope analysis. Marine Biology 165: 150. PDF


Sutherland KR, Sorensen HL, Blondheim ON, Brodeur RD, Galloway AW (2018) Range expansion of tropical pyrosomes in the northeast Pacific Ocean. Ecology.

Conley KR, Lombard F, Sutherland KR (2018) Mammoth grazers on the ocean’s minuteness: a review of selective feeding using mucous meshes Proceedings of the Royal Society B 285: 20180056. PDF

Conley KR, Ben-Tal A, Jacobi Y, Yahel G, Sutherland KR (2018) Not-so-simple sieving by ascidians: re-examining particle capture at the mesh and organismal scales. Marine Biology 165:45. PDF

Dadon-Pilosof A,  Conley KR, Jacobi Y, Haber M, Lombard F, Sutherland K, Stendler L, Tikochinski Y, Richter M, Glöckner FO, Suzuki MT, West NJ, Genin A, Yahel G (2017) Surface properties of SAR11 bacteria facilitate grazing avoidance. Nature Microbiology. PDF

Conley KR, Gemmell BJ, Bouquet J, Thompson E, Sutherland KR (2017) A self-cleaning biological filter: how appendicularians mechanically control particle adhesion and removal. Limnology and Oceanography. doi: 10.1002/lno.10680 PDF

Conley KR, Sutherland KR (2017) Particle shape impacts export and fate in the ocean through interactions with the globally abundant appendicularian Oikopleura dioica. PLoS ONE 12 (8): e0183105. PDF

Jaspers C, Costello JH, Sutherland KR, Gemmell BJ, Lucas K, Tackett J, Colin SP (2017) Resilience in moving water: Effects of turbulence on the predatory impact of the lobate ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi. Limnology and Oceanography. doi: 10.1002/lno.10642 PDF

Sutherland KR, Weihs D (2017) Hydrodynamic advantages of swimming by salp chains. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 14: 20170298. PDF      

Corrales-Ugalde M, Colin SP, Sutherland KR (2017) Nematocyst distribution corresponds to prey capture location in hydromedusae with different predation modes. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 568:101-110. PDF

Zeman SM, Brodeur RD, Daly EA, Sutherland KR (2016) Prey selection patterns of Chrysaora fuscescens in the northern California Current. Journal of Plankton Research. doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbw065 PDF

Sutherland KR, Gemmell BJ, Colin SP, Costello JH (2016) Prey capture by the cosmopolitan hydromedusa, Obelia sp., in the viscous regime. Limnology and Oceanography. doi: 10.1002/lno.10390 PDF

Costello JH, Colin SP, Gemmell BJ, Dabiri JO, Sutherland KR (2015) Multi-jet propulsion organized by clonal development in a colonial siphonophore. Nature Communications. doi:10.1038/ncomms9158 PDF

Conley KR, Sutherland KR (2015) Commercial fishers’ perceptions of jellyfish interference in the Northern California Current. ICES Journal of Marine Science. doi:10.1093 PDF

Colin SP, MacPherson R, Gemmell B, Costello JH, Sutherland KR, Jaspers C (2015) Elevating the predatory effect: Sensory-scanning foraging strategy by the lobate ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi. Limnology and Oceanography. 60: 100-109. PDF

Graham WM, Gelcich S, Robinson KL, Duarte C, Brodeur R, Madin L, Mianzan H, Sutherland KR, Uye S, Pitt K, Lucas C, Bøgeberg M, Brotz L, Condon RH (2014) Linking human well-being and jellyfish: ecosystem services, impacts and societal responses. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 12: 515–523. PDF

Sutherland KR, Costello JH, Colin SP, Dabiri JO (2014) Ambient fluid motions influence swimming and feeding by the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi. Journal of Plankton Research. 36(5): 1310 – 1322. doi:10.1093/plankt/fbu051. PDF

Pitt KA, Duarte CM, Lucas CH, Sutherland KR, Condon RH, Mianzan H,  Purcell JE, Robinson KL, Uye S (2013) Jellyfish body plans provide allometric advantages beyond low carbon content. PLOS ONE. 8: 1-3. e72683.  PDF

Condon RH., Duarte CM., Pitt KA, Robinson KL, Lucas CH, Sutherland KR, Mianzan H, Bogeberg M, Purcell JE, Decker MB, Uye S, Madin LM, Brodeur RD, Haddock SHD, Malej A,  Parry GD, Eriksen E, Quiñones J, Acha M, Harvey M, Arthur JM, Graham WM (2012) Recurrent jellyfish blooms are a consequence of global oscillations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110: 1000- 1005. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1210920110. PDF

Prairie JC, Sutherland KR, Nickols KJ, Kaltenberg AM (2012) Biophysical interactions in the plankton: A cross-scale review. Limnology & Oceanography: Fluids & Environments 2: 121-145. PDF

Duarte CM, Pitt CA, Lucas CH, Purcell JE, Uye S, Robinson KL, Brotz, L, Decker MB, Sutherland KR, Malej A, Madin LM, Mianzan H, Gili, J-M, Fuentes V, Atienza D, Pages F, Breitburg D, Malek J, Graham M,  and Condon R (2012) Is global ocean sprawl a cause of jellyfish blooms? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 11: 91- 97. PDF

Condon RH, Graham WM, Duarte CM, Pitt KA, Lucas CH, Haddock SHD, Sutherland KR, Robinson KL, Dawson MN, Decker MB, Mills CE, Purcell JE, Malej A, Mianzan H, Uye S, Gelcich S, Madin LM (2012) Questioning the rise of gelatinous zooplankton in the world’s oceans. BioScience.62:160-169. PDF

Sutherland KR, Dabiri JO, Koehl MAR (2011) Simultaneous field measurements of ostracod swimming behavior and background flow. Limnology & Oceanography: Fluids & Environments 1: 135-146. PDF

Sutherland KR, Beet AR, Solow AR (2010) Re-analysis of a salp population time-series. Marine Ecology Progress Series 418: 147-150. PDF

Sutherland KR, Madin LP, Stocker R (2010) Filtration of submicrometer particles by pelagic tunicates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 34: 15129-15134. PDF

Sutherland KR, Madin LP (2010) Jet wake structure and swimming performance of pelagic tunicates. Journal of Experimental Biology 213: 2967- 2975. PDF

Sutherland KR, Madin LP (2010) A comparison of filtration rates among pelagic tunicates using kinematic measurements. Marine Biology 157: 755-764. PDF

Rakow KC, Graham WM (2006) Orientation and swimming mechanics by the scyphomedusa Aurelia sp. in shear flow. Limnology and Oceanography 51(2) 1097-1106 . PDF       [note: Kelly R Sutherland was formerly Kelly C Rakow]

Disclaimer: Please take note that copies of manuscripts available here are personal copies and not for distribution.


Sutherland KR, Conley KC (2018) Meet the ocean creatures that use a mesh of mucus to catch their food. The Conversation. May 2, 2018 Link

Sutherland KR (2009) Dye sheds light on jet-propelled salps. Oceanus Magazine 47 (3) 20-22.  Article link    YouTube video

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